IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) 2022

Implicit LiDAR Network: LiDAR Super-Resolution via Interpolation Weight Prediction

Implicit LiDAR Network: LiDAR Super-Resolution via Interpolation Weight Prediction

by Youngsun Kwon, Minhyuk Sung, and Sung-Eui Yoon

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)




Abstract

Super-resolution of LiDAR range images is crucial to improving many downstream tasks such as object detection, recognition, and tracking. While deep learning has made a remarkable advances in super-resolution techniques, typical convolutional architectures limit upscaling factors to specific output resolutions in training. Recent work has shown that a continuous representation of an image and learning its implicit function enable almost limitless upscaling. However, the detailed approach, predicting values (depths) for neighbor pixels in the input and then linearly interpolating them, does not best fit the LiDAR range images since it does not fill the unmeasured details but creates a new image with regression in a high-dimensional space. In addition, the linear interpolation blurs sharp edges providing important boundary information of objects in 3-D points. To handle these problems, we propose a novel network, Implicit LiDAR Network (ILN), which learns not the values per pixels but weights in the interpolation so that the super-resolution can be done by blending the input pixel depths but with non-linear weights. Also, the weights can be considered as attentions from the query to the neighbor pixels, and thus an attention module in the recent Transformer architecture can be leveraged. Our experiments with a novel large-scale synthetic dataset demonstrate that the proposed network reconstructs more accurately than the state-of-the-art methods, achieving much faster convergence in training.



Super-resolution results. This figure shows the reconstruction of dense LiDAR points using the sparse input, where color represents relative elevation of structures.
Architecture comparison between LIIF and ours. This figure summarizes the difference between two implicit networks - value prediction (LIIF) and weight prediction (Ours), where $\theta$ indicates the learning parameters of network. Our method predicts the interpolation weight $w_t$ instead of depth value $r_t$, resulting in the robust super-resolution shown in the above figure.

The qualitative results of LiDAR super-resolution via various methods. The highlighted region in the black box of each left figure is shown in its right side. Compared to the other methods, ours reconstructs the 3-D points robustly with much less noisy artifacts. The color represents a relative height.

Contents

Paper: PDF(5.1MB)
Source code:
Presentation:

Bibtex:
@article{kwon2022implicit,
	title={Implicit LiDAR Network: LiDAR Super-Resolution via Interpolation Weight Prediction},
	author={Kwon, Youngsun and Sung, Minhyuk and Yoon, Sung-Eui},
	booktitle={2022 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)},
	year={2022},
	organization={IEEE}
}